A number of special funds have been established to respond to specific global challenges. Some - such as those related to climate change, food security and trade - are closely linked to sustainable land use.
Opportunities therefore exist for mobilizing financing from these funds for activities that promote SLM and combat desertification, land degradation and drought.
These special funds are often known as 'earmarked' or 'vertical' funds, distinguishing them from the 'horizontal' approach of the country-based model of aid.
A detailed overview of funds earmarked for climate change mitigation and adaptation activities, and for promoting food security and trade are provided below.