Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) are important development actors in marginalised rural areas and in some cases, they have developed innovative approaches, including community, gender, and human rights based approaches, as well as public-private partnerships.
Large CSOs operating at the international level mobilise significant resources from public and private sources for service delivery and advocacy. OECD-DAC estimates that ‘Northern’ CSOs raised $20-25 billion of non-ODA funds in 2006, compared to $140 billion of ODA the same year. In addition, CSOs act as channels to 10% of ODA.
Some of these funds are used to address dry and degrading land issues and carry out programmes and campaigns supporting rural livelihoods, agriculture, forestry, water management, food security, climate change adaptation, and disaster risk mitigation. Although CSOs rarely make explicit links to desertification and land degradation, many organisations with medium to long term visions understand the imperative of investments into sustainable land management (SLM) practices to maintain a productive and resilient asset base and promote the approach through their programmes.
The UNCCD Ten Year Strategic Plan calls for a renewed commitment and for CSOs to address desertification, land degradation and drought issues in advocacy, awareness raising and education initiatives.
The following provides information on international CSOs, their geographic outreach and areas of interest.