The Department for International Development (DFID) is a UK governmental body that manages cooperation for development within the framework of the Millennium Development Goals.
DFID works as a financing mechanism with governments of developing countries; charities and foundation;,public and private companies; and international institutions such as the World Bank, the European Commission and UN agencies.
DFID can act as either a bilateral donor or as a co-financer of multilateral assistance.
The most funded activities belong to the areas of food security; education; healthcare; and access to water and sanitation. Climate change; malaria prevention; peacekeeping; maternal and new-born health; private sector development; and the empowerment of civil society are emerging as innovative areas and are designated to receive increasing amounts of financing in the coming years.
DFID is active in a number of Programmes and Funds, which fall into the following categories:
- Support to not-for-profit and civil society organizations;
- Support to the private sector;
- Region and country-specific support;
- Humanitarian response funds.
In the field of climate change, DFID manages the International Climate Fund, committed to attracting climate-friendly investment options to developing countries.
In June 2012, at the Rio+20 Earth Summit, DFID announced that it will provide extra financial support for initiatives benefiting smallholder farmers in the field of adaptation to climate change, in the framework of the Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP) of IFAD. Eligible activities will include the construction of infrastucture and storage facilities, the improvement of weather monitoring and reporting systems, and the production of enhanced, climate-resilient crops. The initiative is expected to benefit six million smallholder farms worldwide (with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa), at least 50% of which will be women.